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21 Oct 2011 2 Comments
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20 Oct 2011 Leave a Comment
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06 Oct 2011 2 Comments
The Chinese have a saying that goes something like this:
“When someone shares with you something of value, you have an
obligation to share it with others!”
Sunset At The North Pole
13 Sep 2011 Leave a Comment
in camera, Documentary, Information, Landscape, photograpy, pictures, view Tags: assam, bangladesh, brahmaputra, documentary, india, information, jamuna, national waterway, photography, pictures, project, river, tsangpo
From its headsprings in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China (as the Yarlung River), it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges. Here the river is known as the Dihang. It flows southwest through the Assam Valley and south through Bangladesh (where it is known as the Jamuna) . After receiving the Dibang and Luhit, the Brahmaputra veers southwest-ward and begins a long, sluggish course to the sea through a region rich in rice, sugarcane, and jute.. There it merges with the Ganges (Ganga) to form a vast delta. About 1,800 mi (2,900 km) long, the river is an important source for irrigation and transportation. Its upper course was long unknown, and its identity with the Zangbo was established by exploration in 1884–86. In western Assam the river turns southward into Bangladesh and splits into two branches, chief of which is the Jamuna. Near Dhaka, the Brahmaputra joins the Ganges and Meghna rivers, and their combined waters flow to the Bay of Bengal. The lower Brahmaputra is navigable for more than 800 miles (1,300 km) and is a major means of transport. The river brahmaputra is one of the major river in the world. The total length it travels from Himalayans to the Bay is 2900 Km.
COURSE OF THE RIVER
The Yarlung Tsangpo River, source of the Brahmaputra, originates in the Jima Yangzong glacier near Mount Kailash in the northern Himalayas. It then flows east for about 1,700 kilometres (1,100 mi), at an average height of 4,000 metres (13,000 ft), and is thus the highest of the major rivers in the world. In Tibet, the Tsangpo follows the suture line between the Eurasian Plate and the Indian Plate. At its easternmost point, it bends around Mount Namcha Barwa and forms the Yarlung Zangbo Grand Canyon, which is regarded by some as the deepest in the world.
Assam and adjoining region
The Brahmaputra enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, where it is called Siang. It makes a very rapid descent from its original height in Tibet, and finally appears in the plains, where it is called Dihang. It flows for about 35 kilometres (22 mi) and is joined by the Dibang River and the Lohit River at the head of the Assam Valley. Below the Lohit the river is called Brahmaputra, enters the state of Assam and becomes very wide—as wide as 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) in parts of Assam. It is joined in Sonitpur by the Kameng River (or Jia Bhoreli).
Between Dibrugarh and Lakhimpur districts the river divides into two channels—the northern Kherkutia channel and the southern Brahmaputra channel. The two channels join again about 100 kilometres (62 mi) downstream forming the Majuli island, the largest river island in India. At Guwahati, near the ancient pilgrimage center of Hajo, the Brahmaputra cuts through the rocks of the Shillong Plateau, and is at its narrowest at 1 kilometre (1,100 yd) bank-to-bank.
In Bangladesh, the Brahmaputra is joined by the Teesta River (or Tista), one of its largest tributaries. Below the Teesta, the Brahmaputra splits into twodistributary branches. The western branch, which contains the majority of the river’s flow, continues due south as the Jamuna (Jomuna) to merge with the lower Ganges, called the Padma River (Pôdda). The eastern branch, formerly the larger but now much smaller, is called the lower or old Brahmaputra (Bromhoputro). It curves southeast to join the Meghna River near Dhaka. The Padma and Meghna converge near Chandpur and flow out into the Bay of Bengal. This final part of the river is called Meghna.
In the past the course of the lower Brahmaputra was different and passed through the Jamalpur and Mymensingh districts. About 250 years ago a major earthquake led to its present flow. The Ganges Delta, fed by the waters of numerous rivers, including the Ganges and Brahmaputra, is 59,570 square kilometres (23,000 sq mi) large, one of the largest river deltas in the world.
BRAHMAPUTRA IN INDIAN MYTHOLOGY.
Brahmaputra means the son of the Hindu Lord ‘Brahma’.
There are many mythological stories on Brahmaputra. But the most popular and sacred one is about the river’s birth in ‘Kalika Purana’. It describes how Parashurama, one of the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu, got rid of his sin of murdering his own mother with an axe (or Parashu) by taking bath in this sacred river. On strict order from his father Yamadagni (who had suspected his wife Renuka of adultery), Parashuram had to murder his own mother by severing her head with an axe. As a result of this nefarious act, the axe got stuck to his hand and he was unable to take it off his hand. On advice from sages, he started on a pilgrimage and ultimately reached the place, which is presently known as Parashuram Kunda (about 25 km north of Tezu in Lohit district in Arunachal Pradesh). The story says that the mighty river was then confined to a Kund (or Kunda) or a small lake surrounded by hills. Parashuram cut down the hills on one side to release the sacred water for the benefit of the common people. By this act, Parashuram’s axe came out of his hand to his great relief and he knew that he had been exonerated from his sin.
The course of the Brahmaputra has changed continually over time. The most spectacular of these changes was the eastward diversion of the Tista River and the ensuing development of the new channel of the Jamuna, which occurred in 1787 with an exceptionally high flood in the Tista. The waters of the Tista suddenly were diverted eastward into an old abandoned course, causing the river to join the Brahmaputra opposite Bahadurabad Ghat in Mymensingh district. Until the late 18th century the Brahmaputra flowed past the town of Mymensingh and joined the Meghna River near Bhairab Bazar (the path of the present-day Old Brahmaputra channel). At that time a minor stream called the Konai-Jenai—probably a spill channel of the Old Brahmaputra—followed the course of today’s Jamuna River (now the main Brahmaputra channel). After the Tista flood of 1787 reinforced it, the Brahmaputra began to cut a new channel along the Konai-Jenai and gradually converted it after 1810 into the main stream, now known as the Jamuna.
The climate of the Brahmaputra valley varies from the harsh, cold, and dry conditions found in Tibet to the generally hot and humid conditions prevailing in Assam state and in Bangladesh. Tibetan winters are severely cold, with average temperatures below 32 °F (0 °C), while summers are mild and sunny. The river valley lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas, and precipitation there is relatively light: Lhasa receives about 16 inches (400 mm) annually.
The Indian and Bangladeshi parts of the valley are governed by the monsoon (wet, dry) climate, though it is somewhat modified there compared with other parts of the subcontinent; the hot season is shorter than usual, and the average annual temperature ranges from 79 °F (26 °C) in Dhuburi, India, to 85 °F (29 °C) in Dhaka. Precipitation is relatively heavy, and humidity is high throughout the year. The annual rainfall of between 70 and 150 inches (1,780 and 3,810 mm) falls mostly between June and early October; however, light rains also fall from March to May.
Along the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra (Tsangpo) on the high Plateau of Tibet, the vegetation is mainly drought-resistant shrubs and grasses. As the river descends from Tibet, increased precipitation supports the growth of forests. Forests of sal, a valuable timber tree that yields resin, are found in Assam. At even lower elevations, tall reed jungles grow in the swamps and depressed water-filled areas (jheels) of the immense floodplains. Around towns and villages in the Assam Valley, the many fruit trees yield plantains, papayas, mangoes, and jackfruit. Bamboo thickets abound throughout Assam and Bangladesh.
The most notable animal of the swamps in Assam is the one-horned , which has become extinct in other parts of the world; (designated a UNESCO in 1985) provides a refuge for the rhinoceros and for other wildlife in the valley, including elephants, tigers, leopards, wild buffalo, and deer. Numerous varieties of fish include the pabda (Omdok pabda), chital, and mrigal (Cirrhinus cirrhosus).
The people living in the different sections of the Brahmaputra valley are of diverse origin and culture. North of the Great Himalayas, theTibetans practice Buddhism and speak the Tibetan language. They engage in animal husbandry and cultivate the valley with irrigation water taken from the river.
The ancestry of the Assamese includes both Tibeto-Burman peoples from the surrounding highlands and peoples from the lowlands of India to the south and west. The Assamese language is akin to Bengali, which is spoken in West Bengal state in India and in Bangladesh. Since the late 19th century a vast number of immigrants from the Bengal Plain of Bangladesh have entered Assam, where they have settled to cultivate vacant lands, particularly the low floodplains. In the Bengal Plain itself the river flows through an area that is densely populated by the Bengali people, who cultivate the fertile valley. The hilly margins of the plain are inhabited by the tribal Garo and Hajong of state in India.
Flood-control schemes and the building of embankments were initiated after 1954. In Bangladesh the Brahmaputra embankment running west of the Jamuna River from north to south helps to control floods. The Tista Barrage Project is both an irrigation and a flood-protection scheme.
Little power has been harnessed along the Brahmaputra, although the estimated potential is great—some 12,000 megawatts in India alone. Some hydroelectric stations have been completed in Assam, most notably the Kopili Hydel Project, and others are under construction. In the late 1990s a series of major dams were proposed for the Brahmaputra and its tributaries, including the Subansiri, in Arunachal Pradesh.
Near Lhazê (Lhatse Dzong) in Tibet, the river becomes navigable for about 400 miles (640 km). Coracles (boats made of hides and bamboo) and large ferries ply its waters at 13,000 feet (4,000 metres) above sea level. The Tsangpo is spanned in several places by suspension bridges.
Because it flows through a region of heavy rainfall in Assam and Bangladesh, the Brahmaputra is more important for inland navigation than for irrigation. The river has long formed a waterway between the Indian states of West Bengal and Assam, although, on occasion, political conflicts have disrupted the movement of traffic through Bangladesh. The Brahmaputra is navigable throughout the Bengal Plain and Assam upstream to , 700 miles (1,100 km) from the sea. In addition to all types of local craft, powered launches and steamers easily travel up and down the river, carrying bulky, timber, etc.
08 Sep 2011 28 Comments
That’s not a light at the end of the tunnel, that’s the train.
Sorry to hear about global warming.
Karma is a bitch !!
I’ve never heard anyone say, “I don’t know, lets Yahoo! It …..”
4. Dear Voldemort,
So they screwed up your nose too huh ?!
5. Dear 2011,
So I hear the best rapper is white and the president is black ?!
WTF happened ??
I can’t believe you still haven’t gotten that ‘dislike’ button.
Just wait, one day they’ll abandon you as well.
Here’s a hint: X will always equal 10.
We have a son and his name is Escalator.
10.Dear Christopher Columbus,
Don’t worry, half of our youth can’t tell the difference between America and India on a globe either.
If you are reading this, I’ve done my job.
07 Sep 2011 1 Comment
Ever so often, you come across the most mesmerizing sights, and what an injustice it would be to let them pass you by without you being able to capture them and share them with others who weren’t fortunate enough to visible witness them themselves?
A drive past one of Jim Corbett’s reserve parks
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07 Sep 2011 2 Comments
Have you ever just Gazed up into the sky, looked at the clouds, observed the sun, felt its rays, and wondered what divine power, which deity, what phenomenon can be responsible for creating colors and sights as beautiful as these?
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